WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART

Contents

1. Life
2. Insights
3. Selected Discography

LIFE

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Salzburg, 27 January 1756 – Vienna, 5 December 1791), Austrian composer. He is the most influential and versatile composer in the history of music, so that he is usually called a “universal composer”.

Born into a musical family (his father, Leopold, was a composer, violinist and the author of the celebrated textbook Violischule), Mozart revealed a prodigious gift for music since an early age. With his father and his talented elder sister Anna Maria (“Nannerl”), Mozart travelled throughout Europe performing in the major cities and Courts, showing off his talent as a child prodigy.

Although he served in Salzburg with his father for several years, Mozart was unsatisfied with his position and in 1782 he moved to Vienna, not without disagreements with the authorities and his family. From this moment onwards, Mozart’s career as a composer flourished. His greatest masterpieces are all written in the last ten years of his life and include works of every kind, beginning with opera (the three Da Ponte operas as well as Die Zauberflöte). Mozart also wrote a conspicuous number of instrumental works to provide material for his career as a freelance pianist, as well as symphonies, concertos and a huge variety of chamber and choral music. His final work, the Requiem, is almost a legend with its lugubrious (though for the most part fictional) series of ill omens.

Mozart’s mature style, which found its perfect synthesis in the Viennese years, shows a variety of influences. Characterized by elegant proportions and incomparable harmony, it is now regarded as the best realization of the so-called Classical Period.


INSIGHTS

DIE ZAUBERFLOTEDie Zauberflote Papageno

Die Zauberflöte (“The Magic Flute”) is one of Mozart’s last masterpieces, premiered in Vienna in 1791. Read a short history and a selection from our reviews.

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SELECTED DISCOGRAPHY

Mozart Le nozze di Figaro Allen Battle Hynninen Price MutiLe nozze di Figaro

Jorma Hynninen, Margaret Price, Kathleen Battle, Thomas Allen, Ann Murray
Konzertvereinung Wiener Staatsopernchor
Wiener Philharmoniker
Riccardo Muti, conductor
EMI, 1989 (2005)
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Mozart Mass in C minor Dessay Géns Lehtipuu Pisaroni LangréeMass in C minor K 427

Natalie Dessay, Véronique Gens, Topi Lehtipuu, Luca Pisaroni
Le Concert d’Astrée
Louis Langrée, conductor
Virgin Classics, 2006
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Sabine Devieilhe Raphael Pichon Mozart The Weber SistersSabine Devieilhe – Mozart. The Weber Sisters

Pygmalion
Raphaël Pichon, conduction
Erato, 2015
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Journey to Mozart

Daniel Hope, violin
Zurich Chamber Orchestra
Deutsche Grammophon, 2018
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Mozart Così fan tutte Persson Vondung Lehtipuu Pisaroni Rivenq Garmendia FischerCosì fan tutte

Miah Persson, Anke Vondung, Topi Lehtipuu, Luca Pisaroni, Ainhoa Garmendia, Nicola Rivenq
Glyndebourne Chorus
Orchestra of the Age of the Enlightenment
Ivan Fischer, conductor
Opus Arte, 2009
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Juand Diego Florez MozartJuan Diego Florez – Mozart

Orchestra La Scintilla
Riccardo Minasi, conductor
Sony, 2017
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The Violin Concertos; Sinfonia Concertante

Anne-Sophie Mutter, violin and conduction
London Philharmonic Orchestra
Boris Garlitsky, leader
Boris Bashmet, viola
Deutsche Grammophon, 2005

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Beethoven Missa Solemnis Mozart Coronation Mass KarajanBeethoven: Missa Solemnis – Mozart: Coronation Mass

Missa Solemnis: Gundula Janowitz, Christa Ludwig, Fritz Wunderlich, Walter Berry
Coronation MassAnna Tomowa-Sintow, Agnes Baltsa, Werner Krenn, José van Dam
Wiener Singverein, Berliner Philharmoniker
Herbert von Karajan, conductor
Deutsche Grammophon, 1996
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Dorothea Roschmann Daniel Harding Mozart AriasDorothea Röschmann – Mozart Arias

Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
Daniel Harding, conductor
Sony, 2015
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Mozart Die Entführung aus dem Serail Villazon Damrau Prohaska Nézet-SéguinWolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Die Entführung aus dem Serail

Quasthoff, Villazón, Damrau, Prohaska, Schweinester, Selig
Vocalensemble Rastatt, Chamber Orchestra of Europe
Yannick Nézet-Séguin, conductor
Deutsche Grammophon, 2015
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Mozart The supreme decorator Montague Futral Cullagh MackerrasMozart. The Supreme Decorator

Diana Montague, Elizabeth Futral, Majella Cullagh
The Hanover Band
Charles Mackerras, conductor
Opera Rara, 2005
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Mozart Don Giovanni Giulini Sutherland Wachter Schwarzkopf TaddeiDon Giovanni

Eberhard Wächter, Joan Sutherland, Luigi Alva, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Giuseppe Taddei, Piero Cappuccilli, Graziella Sciutti, Gottlob Frick
Philharmonia Chorus
Philharmonia Orchestra
Carlo Maria Giulini, conductor
EMI, 1959 (1997)
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Mozart Donna Diana Damrau Opera AriasMozart Donna

Diana Damrau, soprano
Le Cercle de l’Harmonie
Jérémie Rhorer, conductor
Virgin Classics, 2008
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