GIOACCHINO ROSSINI

Contents

1. Life
2. Selected Discography

LIFE

Gioacchino RossiniGioacchino (or Gioachino) Rossini (Pesaro, 29 February 1792 – Passy, 13 November 1868) Italian operatic composer.

Rossini was the most influential Italian composer in the first half of the 19th century. His innovative style, which he developed since an early age, was inspired by the German composers, in particular Mozart, to the point that in his youth Rossini was nicknamed “il Tedeschino” (“the little German”). With his thirty-nine operas, Rossini cast into oblivion predecessors of the calibre of Paisiello, whose Il barbiere di Siviglia is now forgotten in favour of Rossini’s opera with the same title. Moreover, Rossini exerted his influence on the new generation of composers and both Bellini and Donizetti, who share with him the definition of “bel canto composers”, actually took him as their own model.

Rossini is best remembered for his operas. His greatest successes are L’Italiana in Algeri, Il barbiere di Siviglia, La Cenerentola, Otello, Semiramide and the final masterpiece, Guillaume Tell. However, Rossini wrote also sacred music, as well as many piano and chamber works.

These last works belong for the most part to the years of his “silence”. Rossini quitted the operatic world in 1829, but actually he never gave up composing and in his retirement years he wrote works as the Petite Messe Solennelle and the Stabat Mater (premiered in his final version under Donizetti’s conduction). In these years, Rossini was also a point of reference for young composers and singers, who often asked for his help and advice, as his dense correspondence reveals.

Only after the advent of Verdi Rossini lost his prominent place in the operatic life but, rather than feeling hurt, he praised the work of his younger colleague and considered him the only Italian composer who was still able to compose an opera in the 1850s-1860s.

SELECTED DISCOGRAPHY

Operas

Rossini Aureliano in Palmira Gatell Dalla Benetta Pérez-SierraAureliano in Palmira

Juan Francisco Gatell, Silvia Dalla Benetta, Marina Viotti, Ana Victória Pitts
Camerata Bach Choir, Poznán
Virtuosi Brunensis
José Miguel Pérez-Sierra, conductor
Naxos, 2018
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Gioacchino Rossini Il barbiere di Siviglia Juan Diego Florez Maria Bayo Pietro Spagnoli GelmettiIl barbiere di Siviglia

Pietro Spagnoli, Juan Diego Florez, Maria Bayo, Bruno Praticò, Ruggero Raimondi
Chorus and Orchestra of the Teatro Real, Madrid
Gianluigi Gelmetti, conductor
Decca, 2005
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Rossini Barbiere di Siviglia Domingo Battle AbbadoIl barbiere di Siviglia

Frank Lopardo, Kathleen Battle, Placido Domingo, Lucio Gallo, Ruggero Raimondi
Coro del Gran Teatro La Fenice
The Chamber Orchestra of Europe
Claudio Abbado, conductor
Deutsche Grammophon, 1993
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Gioacchino Rossini Le comte Ory Florez Damrau DiDonatoLe comte Ory

Juan Diego Florez, Diana Damrau, JoyceDiDonato, Michele Pertusi
The Metropolitan Opera House Orchestra & Chorus
Maurizio Benini, conductor
Virgin Classics, 2011
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Gioacchino Rossini L'italiana in Algeri Horne Ramey Palacio Battle Trimarchi Scimone

L’italiana in Algeri

Marilyn Horne, Ernesto Palacio, Samuel Ramey, Kathleen Battle, Domenico Trimarchi
I solisti veneti
Prague Philharmonic Choir
Claudio Scimone, conductor
Erato, 1980
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Matilde di Shabran

Annick Massis, Juan Diego Florez, Carlo Lepore, Bruno de Simone, Chiara Chialli; Rodrigo
Prague Chamber Choir
Orquestra Sinfónica de Galicia
Riccardo Frizza, conductor
Decca, 2006
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Rossini Ricciardo e Zoraide Pérez-Sierra Marianelli MironovRicciardo e Zoraide

Randall Bills, Alessandra Marianelli, Maxim Mironov, Silvia Beltrami
Camerata Bach Choir, Poznań
Virtuosi Brunensis
José Miguel Pérez-Sierra, conductor
Naxos, 2018
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Rossini Semiramide Shagimuratova Barcellona ElderSemiramide

Albina Shagimuratova, Daniela Barcellona, Mirco Palazzi, Barry Banks
Opera Rara Chorus
Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
Sir Mark Elder, conductor
Opera Rara, 2018
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Sacred Music

Gioacchino Rossini Stabat Mater Alberto ZeddaStabat Mater

Serena Farnocchia, Anna Bonitatibus, Ismael Jordi, Alex Esposito
Symphony Orchestra and Chorus Opera Vlaanderen, Antwerp/Ghent
Alberto Zedda, conductor
Dynamic, 2017
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Gioacchino Rossini Stabat Mater 1832 Giovanna d'Arco Cullagh Pizzolato Sola Palazzi FoglianiStabat Mater (1832 version), Giovanna d’Arco

Majella Cullagh, Marianna Pizzolato, José Luis Sola, Mirco Palazzi
Camerata Bach Choir, Poznán
Wurttember Philharmonic Orchestra
Antonino Fogliani, conductor
Naxos, 2016
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Gioacchino Rossini Stabat Mater Petite Messe Solennelle Riccardo Muti Lucia PoppStabat Mater, Petite Messe solennelle

Coro e Orchestra del Maggio Musical Fiorentino
Riccardo Muti, conductor
EMI Classics, 2001
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